International Conference on Arabic Language and Literature http://proceedings.upi.edu/index.php/ical <p><a href="http://ical.conference.upi.edu/">http://</a><a title="International Conference of Arabic Languange" href="http://ical.conference.upi.edu/">http://event.icall.upi.edu</a></p> Department of Arabic Language Education en-US International Conference on Arabic Language and Literature 2809-364X Demotivation of Pesantren-based Madrasah Students in Takallum al-‘Arabiyyah http://proceedings.upi.edu/index.php/ical/article/view/1588 <p><em>Motivation is a key factor to language learning success. On the other hand, demotivation will hinder the process and success of learning and mastering Arabic. By finding factors that can trigger demotivation, teachers and students can avoid demotivation and can motivate students appropriately.&nbsp; This study aims to determine the factors that cause students' demotivation in speaking Arabic at the Karawang Islamic boarding school-based madrasah by involving 100 students of 9th -grade of Madrasah Tsanawiyah. To explore this demotivating phenomenon, the researcher used mixed methods at the data collection stage, then analyzed the data using qualitative methods. The results of this study indicate that among the factors that cause demotivation are; 1) teachers, 2) textbooks, 3) friends, and Arabic language learning environment. In addition, new things were found from the perspective of this pesantren-based madrasah student, namely the context of the pesantren tradition which was a factor in the occurrence of students' demotivation in mastering Arabic. Madrasah students who are also santri in Islamic boarding schools are accustomed and comfortable with patterns of learning Arabic in Islamic boarding schools such as lalaran, ngalogat, sorogan, and bandongan. When students accept different madrasah learning patterns, they feel uncomfortable and it’s causing demotivation</em><em>.</em></p> Selma Meila Puspita Nunung Nursyamsiyah Copyright (c) 2021 International Conference on Arabic Language and Literature https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-12-29 2021-12-29 1 13 Analyzing Arabic Discourse Markers Through the Lens of Aljazeera’s Instagram Caption http://proceedings.upi.edu/index.php/ical/article/view/1589 <p><em>In recent decades, there has been growing interest at discourse markers (DMs) to improve the quality of writing and increase the comprehension of text. Despite the existence of many studies into Arabic DMs, little work reports the investigation of Arabic DMs diversity in accordance with the Modern Standard Arabic (MSA) approach selected in social media. To plug this gap, this present study investigates Arabic DMs diversity through the lens of aljazeera Instagram caption. This qualitative study employed theory of Fraser (2005)- and Khairudin, Noor &amp; Rohman (2020) as the main framework of the study for the data analysis process. Findings show that there are top three of elaborative DMs on Aljazeera’s captions namely wa (148), adhâfa (14), haisu (8). And lâkin, fîma, and filmaqâbil as a top three of contrastive DMs. Inferential DMs has bidzâlika, wa bidzâlika and wa bidzâlika bi sababin. Besides ba’da/wa ba’da, ‘indamâ and wa ba’damâ as a temporal DMs on Aljazeera. Additionally, affirmative DMs as a new category also found in this study. Out of a total of 90 captions, Aljazeera used more elaborate DMs with 69,3 % than other categories.</em> <em>The major reason for the high frequency of EDMs is the high frequency of DMs wa. &nbsp;</em></p> Ulfa Febriyanti Copyright (c) 2021 International Conference on Arabic Language and Literature https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-12-29 2021-12-29 14 21 Arabic Teacher Website as a Learning Media During the Covid-19 Pandemic Hots, Mots or Lots http://proceedings.upi.edu/index.php/ical/article/view/1590 <p><em>Implementation of Arabic learning during the Covid-19 (Corona Virus Disease 2019) pandemic caused the instructional process of learning which was initially offline or face-to-face to become an online method (in a network). This is because it is feared that it will spread the transmission of the corona virus. Along with the times, technology has also developed as a sophisticated anticipation in carrying out the during method. Arabic taecher as a modern technology media based on e-learning websites that can help students and Arabic learners in applying Arabic language skills in listening, speaking, reading and writing skills. This media is equipped with materials according to the level of education (elementary, secondary and advanced levels). This media also contains features and main menus including: reading, stories, grammar, structural, dictation, songs and games, a questionnaire equipped with e-books, MP3s and videos. This study aims to a) analyze the process of learning Arabic in the midst of the Covid-19 pandemic using the Arabic Teacher Learning Cross media held at STAI Auliaurrasyidin Tembilahan and; b) classifying the use of Arabic Teacher Learning media into the HOTS, MOTS or LOTS categories in learning Arabic, especially in listening, speaking, reading and writing skills. The type of research used is this study using a qualitative research design using case study research methods aimed at looking at the subject holistically through descriptions to obtain detailed information about the use of Arabic teachers at STAI Auliaurrasyidin Tembilahan. The data analysis technique used is the Hubbermans model technique, data is collected and described, then reduced and verified in detail. The results of the study show that learning Arabic using Arabic Teacher E learning has met the HOTS (Higher Order Thinking Skills) learning standards with indications; a) students have been able to reiterate Arabic sentences heard by the Arabic Teacher and are able to identify Arabic sentences in the Arabic Teacher; b) students are able to explain the meaning of sentences and are able to distinguish between adad and ma'dud rules contained in Arabic Teacher Learning; c) students are able to demonstrate their daily activities after watching learning videos in Arabic Teacher Learning; d) students are able to solve problems that exist in each character in Learning. This media also demands creativity and innovation of students in understanding and digging information about sound, vocabulary, sentence structure and balancing students' intelligence with a combination of audio lingual and visual techniques. The material provided according to the level of education makes it easier for students to understand the content and content of the material. Materials with various games and songs are also&nbsp;able to balance students' Arabic skills during the covid-19 pandemic</em><em>. This Arabic teacher learning media can also require students to be able to innovate, evaluate independently and stimulate students to create modern models and media for technology-based Arabic learning.</em></p> Husnatul Hamidiyyah Siregar Humairatuz Zahrah Copyright (c) 2021 International Conference on Arabic Language and Literature https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-12-29 2021-12-29 22 30 Evaluation of Arabic Language Skills in Kanzul Lughah Arabic Course Pare Kediri http://proceedings.upi.edu/index.php/ical/article/view/1591 <p><em>The purpose of this research is to describe the objectives of learning Arabic language skills, the types and forms of tests for each Arabic language skills, and the implementation time for evaluating Arabic language skills at the Kanzul Lughah Arabic course. The data from this research are in the form of questionnaire results and interview results. The data collection technique was carried out by distributing questionnaires to two Arabic language teachers at the Kanzul Lughah course institute and conducting interviews. The results of this study are evaluation of Arabic language skills in accordance with the objectives of learning Arabic language skills, types and forms of tests, namely written tests and oral tests, and evaluation of Arabic language skills are carried out routinely with different details of time.</em></p> Binti Khoiriyah Syihabuddin Copyright (c) 2021 International Conference on Arabic Language and Literature https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-12-29 2021-12-29 31 36 Wordwall: a Digital Game Application to Increase the Interest of Rabbaanii Junior High School’s Students in Learning Arabic Vocabulary http://proceedings.upi.edu/index.php/ical/article/view/1592 <p><em>Government policies related to online learning activities since the pandemic have caused changes in the teaching methods used in learning Arabic. Online learning is in line with the spirit of E-Learning in the 4.0 era as it is today. However, in its application there are several obstacles, especially the decline in student interest in learning. One way that can be used to increase student interest in learning is to use the Wordwall application. Wordwall application is an online learning media featuring games, quizzes, discussions, and surveys. This article will examine the use of the Wordwall application as a medium to increase students' interest in learning Arabic vocabulary. The method used in this research is descriptive qualitative method. Data was collected by means of observation, interviews, and documentation. The results showed that with the Wordwall application learning became interactive, easy, fun and helped students understand Arabic vocabulary. In addition, game-based learning with the Wordwall application is perfect for beginners to learn Arabic.</em></p> Fahmi Yahya Abdil Haq Syihabuddin Maman Abdurahman Rinaldi Supriadi Copyright (c) 2021 International Conference on Arabic Language and Literature https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-12-29 2021-12-29 37 47 Conflict Mitigation Strategies Between Employer and Indonesian Workers in Saudi Arabia http://proceedings.upi.edu/index.php/ical/article/view/1593 <p><em>This study investigates the strategies used by the Consular Functions Officer of the Indonesian Embassy in Riyadh in resolving conflicts between employers and Indonesian workers. Data is collected directly from recorded conversations by phone between the Consular Function Officer, the Indonesian Worker and the employer. The method used in collecting this data is refer to the free-engagement technique, recording technique and note-taking technique. So, the data that has been collected is transcribed and transliterated by the author. In the analysis, what the author focuses on is all requesting utterances which are indicated as a form of mitigation to solve a problem. There are 10 speech acts of requesting which is a form of mitigation. These forms are realized in two forms, interrogative which consist of 7 data and declarative consist of 3 data. Judging from the strategy, the mitigation carried out by the Consular Function Officer in the data includes four strategies: indirectness, affirmation, immediacy and hedge with two application patterns, single pattern and combination pattern. In addition, there is also a politeness scale principle used which includes a benefit scale, an option scale, an indirectness scale and a social distance scale.</em></p> Afnan Arummi Copyright (c) 2021 International Conference on Arabic Language and Literature https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-12-29 2021-12-29 48 54 Istiksyāfu Al-mumārasāti Al-‘ākisati Li Mu‘allimī Al-‘arabīyyati ka Lugatin Ajnabīyyatin wa Al-taḥdīyati fī Indūnīsiyā http://proceedings.upi.edu/index.php/ical/article/view/1594 <p><em>This paper explores AFL teachers' attitudes, practices, and reflection issues in the classroom. In this study, qualitative research methodologies were used to collect and analyze data. Six AFL Islamic Junior High School teachers in Indonesia provided data via observation, semi-structured interview, focused group discussion, and documentation. The findings reveal that AFL teachers saw reflective practice as largely an evaluative process for their teaching careers. They all feel that reflective practice is one of the qualities of an excellent teacher and that it can help them enhance their teaching skills. The majority of their remarks were descriptive and dialogic in nature. The AFL teachers highlighted teaching burden and a lack of awareness of reflective practice as barriers to reflection.</em></p> Frida Akmalia Copyright (c) 2021 International Conference on Arabic Language and Literature https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-12-29 2021-12-29 55 69 Al-Ajrumiyyah Learning by Using Mnemonic Strategies http://proceedings.upi.edu/index.php/ical/article/view/1598 <p><em>Learning Arabic without the knowledge of nahwu cannot be understood. Al-Ajrumiyyah book is one of the books used in studying Arabic grammar (Gunawan et al, 2018: 237). In order to make learning more interesting and easier for students, teachers need to be more creative and innovative in determining learning strategies, one of which is mnemonics. So in writing this article, it is to explain the various techniques contained in mnemonic strategies that can be used in al-Ajrumiyyah learning. The method used is a literature review. With this strategy, it is hoped that al-Ajrumiyyah supporting teachers can create more interesting learning activities and increase students' motivation in learning. Then, this study can be used as a reference for other researchers to carry out further research.</em></p> Aizzatin Habibah Copyright (c) 2021 International Conference on Arabic Language and Literature https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-12-29 2021-12-29 70 78 Taḥlīlu ‘Anwā‘i al-Ma‘ājimi al-‘Arabiyyati: Mazāyā wa Salbiyyātun fi Ta‘allumi al-Lugah al-‘Arabiyyati li Gairi al-Nātiqīna bihā http://proceedings.upi.edu/index.php/ical/article/view/1599 <p><em>The dictionary is the one of learning media that already made from long time. In the study of the Arabic language, a dictionary would be very useful or, in fact, needed. The dictionary tends to be the most preferred tools by language learners, especially when looking up the meaning of words, grammar, or context of word use in the target language. In the Arabic dictionary development, the dictionary has undergone several stages of change on modern days, either in the form of preparation and writing methodology. On the basis, this study is an attempt to search for answers to formulate the problem about the advantages and disadvantages of learning an Arabic from many types of Arabic language dictionaries that has been developed so far, starting with ownership and use, as well as the reasons and obstacles in their use. The problem with this research is that there are too many types of dictionaries available these days and it is confusing for non-native speaker learner which one is more suitable for learning Arabic. The purpose of this study is to analyze the types of Arabic language dictionaries and find out the advantages and disadvantages for learning Arabic. Data collection method that the author uses is the method of observation and book analysis. After obtaining the data, the authors analyzed the data by combining the theory of</em> <em>types of Arabic dictionaries in chapter B with the reality of Advantages and Disadvantages on the ground that was written in chapter C.</em></p> Bagusradityo Aryobimo Copyright (c) 2021 International Conference on Arabic Language and Literature https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-12-29 2021-12-29 79 93 The Corpus of Language, Literature, and Arts: Design and Construction http://proceedings.upi.edu/index.php/ical/article/view/1600 <p><em>This study examined the design and construction of the corpus of language, literature, and art at the Faculty of Letters, Universitas Negeri Malang. The materials compiled were theses from the Department of Indonesian Literature, English Literature, Arabic Literature, German Literature, and Art and Design. The study aimed to (1) design and develop the language, literature, and art corpus of the Faculty of Letters, Universitas Negeri Malang and (2) describe the results of the feasibility test for the corpus of language, literature, and art of the Faculty of Letters, Universitas Negeri Malang. This study employed a Research and Development design. The development model used in this study was the ADDIE (Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation, and Evaluations) research model developed by Reiser and Molenda. The research stages carried out based on the ADDIE research model are Analysis Stage, Design Stage, Development Stage, Trial Stage, and Evaluation Stage. The results showed several stages in designing and developing the language, literature, and art corpus of the Faculty of Letters, Universitas Negeri Malang, namely analysis, design, development, implementation, and evaluation. The feasibility test for the language, literature, and art corpus of the Faculty of Letters, Universitas Negeri Malang, showed valid results with a value of 91%. This means that the web corpus developed is feasible to use.</em></p> Mohammad Ahsanuddin Yazid Basthomi Yusuf Hanafi Edy Hidayat Febri Taufiqurrohman Muhammad Nurwiseso Wibisono Copyright (c) 2021 International Conference on Arabic Language and Literature https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-12-29 2021-12-29 94 115 Learning Arabic by Using Misk Application in the Pandemic Era of Covid-19 http://proceedings.upi.edu/index.php/ical/article/view/1601 <p><em>The learning system that very intensively being carried out at this time is learning using electronic-based media where the use of technology in this era continues to advance and develop, especially during the Covid-19 pandemic. This study aims to find out how to use technology in the Arabic learning process and to find out the advantages and disadvantages of its application. On this occasion, the researcher chose the MiSK application, which is an Arabic language learning application on android based on a game, equipped with Arabic vocabulary, images and audio, which was designed by one of the lecturers from Istanbul 29 Mayis University. This study uses an evaluative method with a qualitative approach, which produces data in the form of how to apply the MiSK application and also describes the advantages and disadvantages of learning Arabic using the MiSK application. The researchers hope that the results of this study can provide teachers with additional information and input to improve the use of technology in the online teaching process, especially during the Covid-19 pandemic, making the teaching process more interesting and effective.</em></p> Muhammad Rizal Copyright (c) 2021 International Conference on Arabic Language and Literature https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-12-29 2021-12-29 116 125 Content Validity Analysis of Arabic School Examination at SMP IT Permata Hati Banjarnegara http://proceedings.upi.edu/index.php/ical/article/view/1602 <p><em>Questions are one of the instruments to measure the success of learning. Questions as an evaluation tool must meet the characteristics of a good question, which must be valid. One way to find out whether the questions are valid or not is by analyzing the content validity of the questions. So far, at SMP IT Permata Hati Banjarnegara in making Middle Semester Assessment (PTS) questions, Final Semester Assessment (PAS) or School Examinations (US), especially Arabic subjects have never analyzed the validity of the content of the questions related to the suitability of the questions with the existing syllabus in the curriculum 2013. This study aims to determine the validity of the content of the Arabic language school exam questions at SMP IT Peramata Hati Banjarnegara in the 2020/2021 academic year. This study used descriptive qualitative method. Based on the results of the rational analysis of content validity, it can be concluded that the content validity of the school exam questions made by the Arabic language teacher has been fulfilled. School Exam Questions consist of 9 basic competencies (KD) with a description of 3 KD from class VII, 3 KD from class VIII and 3 KD from class IX. The number of questions consists of 40 multiple choice questions and 5 essays. The composition of the questions consists of 12 questions (27%) from class VII, 14 questions (31%) from class VIII and 19 questions (42%) from class IX</em><em>.</em></p> Rizal Nur Rochman Maman Abdurrahman Mad Ali Copyright (c) 2021 International Conference on Arabic Language and Literature https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-12-29 2021-12-29 126 133 The Use of Media Learning Quizizz in Vocabulary Arabic Language http://proceedings.upi.edu/index.php/ical/article/view/1603 <p><em>I</em><em>n the modern era today, learning varies greatly, in addition to using the right learning method, good media can be very helpful in the learning process. Quizizz Media itself is an educational game application that is narrative and flexible. The use of this media aims to improve the vocabulary ability of students whose is due to the vocabulary in learning the Arabic language. vocabulary in learning the Arabic language is the most important thing because learning begins with vocabulary. In fact, there are still many students who have difficulty memorizing vocabulary. This is due to the absence of media that does not support students to memorize vocabulary in learning Arabic. This research uses a qualitative approach. The type of research is case studies research. Data collection techniques are observation, interviews, and documentation. From the results of using Quizziz media, it can be concluded that: Quizziz learning media can improve memorized vocabulary in Arabic learning.</em></p> Vina Rinzani Fauzia Nunung Nursyamsiah Asep Sopian Copyright (c) 2021 International Conference on Arabic Language and Literature https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-12-29 2021-12-29 134 139 Taqyīmu Mahārati al-Kalāmi bi Istikhdāmi Ṭarīqati al-Muḥādaṡati fī Ma’hadi al-Iḥyāi Sūbānj http://proceedings.upi.edu/index.php/ical/article/view/1716 <p><em>This research is motivated by the number of students who have difficulty in speaking and memorizing Arabic vocabulary caused by the learning and teaching techniques used by teachers are not in accordance with the objectives of learning Arabic, especially in improving students' speaking skills in Arabic lessons. This study uses a cycle system, namely 1) planning, 2) implementation 3) observation and 4) reflection. And the results of this study indicate that students' speaking skills in Arabic are quite good from all aspects, and have increased by using muhadatsah method. This study aims to improve students' speaking skills, especially in Arabic lessons and the use of muhadatsah method to make it easier for students to read Arabic sentences with certain themes and titles. After using this method in learning Arabic,</em> <em>there were significant differences in the average in the pretest and post-test result. The average score of pretest is 64,2% and the average score after post-test is 83,3%. This result shows the significant differences in learning Arabic using muhadatsah method to improve students’ speaking skill in Arabic lesson.</em></p> Ika Mahmudah Copyright (c) 2021 International Conference on Arabic Language and Literature https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-12-29 2021-12-29 140 148 Peer Assisted Virtual Learning (PAVL) to Improve Understanding of Arabic Text in Online Learning http://proceedings.upi.edu/index.php/ical/article/view/1717 <p><em>Understanding Arabic texts for beginners is a problem in learning Arabic. This study aims to describe the process of Peer Assisted Virtual Learning (PVAL) to help understand Arabic text in online learning and demonstrate the effectiveness of the method. This research is a pre-experimental research with a one-shot case study model conducted on students of the Arabic Language Development Program (PPBA) of the University of Muhammadiyah Malang in semester 2. The data collection method uses observation, questionnaires, and tests. PAVL is an implementation of peer tutor learning which is carried out virtually. In this activity, the implementation uses the zoom meeting application, which is then in the breakout room into small groups to discuss issues related to the text. The teacher supervises the process by joining the room but does not enter into a discussion atmosphere. After each group finished presenting the results of their understanding, the results of the presentation showed that if it was done independently, there were many mistakes in understanding the meaning of vocabulary, but if it was done with virtual peer tutoring, the results would be better. The results of hypothesis testing indicate that learning with the PVAL method is very helpful in overcoming the problem of learning difficulties and understanding Arabic texts online, with a significance value of 0.000 0.05 and an average increase in value from pretest to posttest of 10. %, which means this method helps to improve the ability to memorize Arabic texts in online learning.</em></p> Lailatul Mauludiyah Anindita Hartono Putri Copyright (c) 2021 International Conference on Arabic Language and Literature https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-12-29 2021-12-29 149 157 Jam’u Taksir Translation Strategy in Al-Quran Juz 30 http://proceedings.upi.edu/index.php/ical/article/view/1718 <p><em>Differences in grammatical structure between Arabic as the source language and Indonesian as well as Sundanese as the target language requires translator to determine the appropriate translation strategy to create a more natural translation result that can be easily understood by the native speaker of the target language. In Arabic, there is a form of word called jamak taksir. jamak taksir are Arabic words that have many patterns and it is sometimes difficult to distinguish between pattern of these word and others because the pattern of jamak taksir is similar to other patterns such as mashdar or isim fail. In this study, the researcher examined the translation strategy used to translate jamak taksir of the Quran juz 30 in the Indonesian translation Quran by Kemenag RI and Sundanese translation Quran by Al Amin. This research was conducted using a qualitative descriptive approach with an embedded research method. The result showed that in both of the Quran translations, there are several techniques used to translate jamak taksir. Those are: literal, description, general equivalence, transposition, and adaptation translation. While the most frequently used technique in the two Quran translations is a literal translation technique, which indicates that the translations highly emphasized on the source language.</em></p> Nisa Awaliatul Faoziah Mohamad Zaka Al Farisi Maman Abdurrahman Copyright (c) 2021 International Conference on Arabic Language and Literature https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-12-29 2021-12-29 158 166 Tahlīlu al-Madārisi an-Naḥwiyyati fī Kitābi al-Jurūmiyyati li Abī ‘Abdillāh Muhammad bin Muhammad bin Dāwud Al-Sanhajī http://proceedings.upi.edu/index.php/ical/article/view/1719 <p><em>In the rules of Nahwu, there are differences in Madrasa as there are in other sciences. However, there are not many scientific studies that discuss differences in this Madrasa Nahwu, especially in relation to textbooks and learning. Therefore, the author views the analysis of Madrasa Nahwu in this textbook as important to discuss. And in this case the author analyzes a book that is often used as a guide for teaching materials in many Islamic boarding schools, one of which is the Albarokah Islamic Boarding School in Bandung, namely the Jurumiyah book. The method used is qualitative method with a literature study approach because the data generated is in the form of words. The purpose of this study was to find out the various Madrasa Nahwu used in the Jurumiyyah book. Based on the results of the study, it can be concluded that the Jurumiyyah book is based on the Madrasa Kuffa. This is indicated by the contents of the Jurumiyyah book which are in accordance with the Madrasa Kuffa and many differences with the Madrasa Basra, including the chapter af'al (mabni fi'il amr, rofa' fi'il mudhari, 'amil nawashib-lam juhud and hatta</em><em>),</em><em> chapters Istitsna' and Munada'. </em></p> Nurlatifah Maman Abdurrahman Asep Sopian Copyright (c) 2021 International Conference on Arabic Language and Literature https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-12-29 2021-12-29 167 176 Code-Switching and Code-Mixing in Conversation Alumni Boarding School of Riyadlul 'Ulum Wadda'wah http://proceedings.upi.edu/index.php/ical/article/view/1720 <p><em>This study aims to determine the types of code switching, forms and types of code mixing and the factors of using code switching and code mixing in the conversations of the alumni at Riyadlul 'Ulum Wadda'wah Islamic Boarding School. The research method used is descriptive qualitative with data collection in the form of tapping, recording and note-taking techniques. The results obtained from this study are the type of code switching in the form of external code switching, namely the transition from Sundanese to Arabic and otherwise. The factor of the occurrence of code switching here is the adjustment of the speaker's code to the interlocutor. While the code mixing found included code mixing in the form of 14 words, code mixing in the form of reduplication as much as 1 reduplication, code mixing in the form of phrases as many as 4 phrases, code mixing in the form of idioms as much as 1 idiom and code mixing in the form of clause as much as 1 clause. There are types of internal code mixing, namely from Indonesian into Sundanese and external code mixing, namely from Arabic into Sundanese. The dominant code-mixing factor is due to habit.</em></p> Rinaldi Supriadi Namira Salma Fauzia Copyright (c) 2021 International Conference on Arabic Language and Literature https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-12-29 2021-12-29 177 187 Tahlīlu al-Qudrati ‘ala Fahmi al-Maqrūi Li an-Nuṣūṣi al-‘Arabiyyati ladai Ṭullabi al-Faṣli as-Sābi’i bi al-Madrasati aṡ-Ṡānawiyyati al-‘Ināyah Bāndūnj http://proceedings.upi.edu/index.php/ical/article/view/1721 <p><em>This research is motivated by a problem that occurred in seventh grade students at MTs Al-Inayah Bandung which was related to the lack of reading comprehension of Arabic texts in students. This research aims to (1) determine the ability to read comprehension of Arabic texts in seventh grade students at MTs Al-Inayah Bandung, (2) determine the factors that influenced the reading comprehension of Arabic texts for students, (3) know what efforts are made to overcome difficulties of the students in understanding Arabic texts. The method used in this research is a descriptive analysis method, with a qualitative approach. The techniques of data collection in this study was carried out by (1) observation, (2) interviews, (3) tests, and (4) documentation. Participants in this study were Arabic teacher and twenty six students in seventh grade. The results showed that (1) the reading comprehension ability of seventh grade students at MTs Al-Inayah Bandung obtained an average score of 79 with good category, (2) the factors that influenced students in reading comprehension of Arabic text included: teacher, learning methods, motivation, interests, background, experience, lessons, text structure of reading and vocabulary, (3) the efforts to overcome difficulties of students' reading comprehension by the teacher are to provide motivation to students, provide examples of reading text repeatedly until students understand very well so that students are able to answer the questions given, provide additional learning for students who are less or students who have difficulty, provide rewards and good grades, improve students' vocabulary mastery and form study groups.</em></p> Salma Nur Fauziah Maman Abdurahman Nunung Nursyamsiah Copyright (c) 2021 International Conference on Arabic Language and Literature https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-12-29 2021-12-29 188 201 Urgency of Usul Nahwi Course http://proceedings.upi.edu/index.php/ical/article/view/1722 <p><em>This article aims to see the urgency of studying Ushul Nawi according to Arabic Language Education students who have studied Ushul Nahwi as a subject in lectures. We choose students who have studied so that the participants understand Ushul Nahwi so that they can give a more accurate perspective. The method used in this research is descriptive qualitative, data collection using interviews. The results we found were three benefits that were felt after learning Ushul nahwi, namely 1. Knowing the history and origin of nahwu, 2. Knowing the currents in nahwu, and 3. Knowing the methods used in determining nahwu law. Whereas the participant Ushul Nahwi is important to learn for teachers or prospective Arabic teachers, while for students there is an opinion that says it is important for reasons that can make students' thoughts and opinions not absolute to one opinion and make students more open, while some say it is not &nbsp;important because can confuse students with differences.</em></p> Yunita Laila Zulfa Maman Abdurrahman Asep Sopian Copyright (c) 2021 International Conference on Arabic Language and Literature https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-12-29 2021-12-29 202 206 Evaluation of Students Writing Skills Using CIPP model in Arabic Learning: The Concept and its Implementation http://proceedings.upi.edu/index.php/ical/article/view/1723 <p><em>This study was aimed to explore the concept and its implementation, as well as the advantages and disadvantages of the CIPP (Context, Input, Process, Product) model in Arabic learning in schools. This study used a descriptive qualitative method by investigating the implementation of the CIPP model in Arabic learning, especially in writing skills (Mahārah al-Kitabah). The researcher also used a literature approach and statements from several experts to support the results of this study. In this study, the researcher concluded that the CIPP model was an appropriate evaluation model to be implemented in evaluating the learning outcomes in writing skills. It is because CIPP covers the dimensions of context, input, process and product when compared with other evaluation models. </em></p> Anwar Sanusi Deni Maulana Ripaldi Sabarno Copyright (c) 2021 International Conference on Arabic Language and Literature https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-12-29 2021-12-29 207 214 A Virtual Think-Pair-Share Strategy for Teaching Arabic Language During Covid-19 Pandemic http://proceedings.upi.edu/index.php/ical/article/view/1724 <p><em>One of the factors that influence the success of learning is the strategy used. The COVID-19 pandemic requires teachers to innovate strategies that can be used in online learning. The purpose of this study is to explain the think-pair-share (TPS) strategy and its implementation in online Arabic learning. This research is a qualitative descriptive research with library research method. Sources of data in this study are various literature books, journals, scientific works, as well as other documents in both physical and digital form that examine the TPS strategy. Data analysis technique used in this research is data analysis technique, according to Matthew B. Miles and A. Michael Huberman which consists of 4 stages, namely data collection, data reduction, data display, and conclusion. The results of this study are various forms of TPS strategies that can be used in learning Arabic and the implementation steps according to the objectives of each form of TPS strategy activities.</em></p> Amami Shofiya Al Qorin Nur Afifatul Golimah Mohammad Ahsanuddin Copyright (c) 2021 International Conference on Arabic Language and Literature https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-01-12 2022-01-12 215 223 Internalization of Higher Order Thinking Skill Language Test at SMPIT Mutiara Hikmah http://proceedings.upi.edu/index.php/ical/article/view/1725 <p><em>One of the efforts to improve the quality of learning is to conduct an evaluation based on Higher Order Thinking Skill (Hots). However, in Indonesia, teachers do not have sufficient insight into HOTS-based evaluation, especially in learning Arabic. This study aims to analyze the questions of the Arabic Middle Semester Examination at SMPIT Mutiara Hikmah in class VIII based on the HOTS criteria. The method used is descriptive qualitative with content analysis research design. The results of this study indicate that of the 40 questions for the Middle Semester Examination of Arabic class VIII, there are 18 questions (45%) at the C1 (remembering) level, 4 questions (10%) at the C2 level (understanding), 12 questions (30%) at the C3 (applying) and 6 questions (15%) at the C4 (analyzing) level. This proves that the Arabic Middle Semester Examinations for class VIII at SMPIT Mutiara Hikmah are still lacking in meeting the criteria for HOTS questions at level C4 (analyzing), level C5 (assessing) and level C6 (creating). So it is necessary to hold training for teachers regarding HOTS-based learning and evaluation.</em></p> Tsara Aliya Salsabila Syihabuddin Mad Ali Copyright (c) 2021 International Conference on Arabic Language and Literature https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-01-12 2022-01-12 224 233 Changes in the Pattern (Wazan) Of The Rajaz Bahar Contained in the Idātu Al-Dujunnah Text http://proceedings.upi.edu/index.php/ical/article/view/1726 <p><em>The Idhaatu Al Dujunnah Manuscript is a copy of which is stored in the Indonesian National Library. Written by Sheikh Ahmad Fakir Al Makkari and copied by Ahmad Aceh. This manuscript is in the form of Nadzom or verses of poetry with one pattern, namely Bahar Rajaz. The purpose of this study was to determine the changes in wazan bahar rajaz in the Nadzam verses in the Idaatu </em><em>​​</em><em>Al-Dujunnah manuscript using the Ilm Arudhi approach. The method used in this study is qualitative and described descriptively. The results of this study indicate that changes in the shape of the pattern in the verses of poetry (nadzom) with wazan bahar rajaz in the Idhaatu Al Dujunnah Manuscript are contained in three elements, namely in terms of arudh, dharab and haswu. Changes occurred variedly in each verse of poetry which was dominated by zihaf khaban, ilat qatha, zihaf qatha, and zihaf syakal at the end of the arudhi stanza. Changes can be seen after the verses of the poem are taqthi (cut off) following the rules of Ilm Arudhi.</em></p> Yanti Apriliyanti Asep Sopian Copyright (c) 2021 International Conference on Arabic Language and Literature https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-01-12 2022-01-12 234 250 Problematics of Character-Based Arabic Learning During Pandemic Time at Boarding School Assyifa Subang http://proceedings.upi.edu/index.php/ical/article/view/1727 <p><em>A necessity in learning there is a process of interaction between teachers and students. Usually, this interaction is done face-to-face, but during the current covid-19 pandemic, interactions between teachers and students are conducted online in almost all schools. This raises several problems faced by teachers and students, especially in character-based Arabic learning in high school. This research aims to examine and provide solutions related to the problems of learning Arabic at the As-Syifa Boarding School Subang High School. The subjects of this study were teachers and students of the As-Syifa Boarding School Subang High School. Observation, interviews, and documentation collected data. The data analysis used is data display, data reduction, and triangulation. The study results explain that the problem of language aspects is caused by aspects of semantics, phonology, and grammar. As for the non-language aspect, it is caused by internal and external factors of students, especially technological factors that do not support learning, and devices are more widely used by students, not for knowledge but are used for playing games, using TikTok applications, etc., lack of motivation and confidence. The solutions include increasing the components and implementation of learning, strengthening motivation, self-confidence, and fostering good student character.</em></p> Asep Sopian Rinaldi Supriadi Copyright (c) 2021 International Conference on Arabic Language and Literature https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-12-29 2021-12-29 251 265